Tuesday, June 28, 1994

Where do you often find a verb in a Latin Sentence?

Agricola et puella Italiam amant. ------ The farmer and the girl love Italy.

After examining the sentence above, where do you often find the verb in a Latin sentence?

a.) the beginning of the sentence
b.) the middle of the sentence
c.) the end of the sentence

Answer on Where do you often find a verb in a Latin Sentence?

It can go anywhere: that is the characteristic of an inflected language like Latin, but in a simple statement where there is no need to stress any particular word, the verb comes last, as in your example or, e.g. in the opening of the Aeneid: Arma virumque cano.
In a command or injunction, however, the verb often comes first: Adeste fideles, laete, triumphantes. Venite, venite in Bethleham. Nautum videre, regem angelorum, venite, adoremus, Dominum.
But Latin is flexible; Timeo Danaos et dona ferentes, with the verb first in a simple statement: the final position is the one of emphasis and I suppose here Virgil wanted to emphasize "even when they bring gifts.".